Dolkun Isa, former general secretary of the World Uyghur Congress, is elected president, with Rebiya Kadeer elevated to a supervisory role.
The move is aimed at Uyghur government workers who fail to uphold Chinese policies in the politically sensitive region.
Abdurehim Heyit may have been arrested for performing a song previously cleared by Chinese censors but that has come under scrutiny during the harsh crackdown in Xinjiang.
Ethnic Kazakhs are being detained for 're-education' on the strength of photos showing them with a Kazakhstan politician.
Police say they are given blank verdict forms from the courts, which they fill in themselves.
After being interrogated by a Uyghur official, the students went missing from Tora Prison.
The number includes 11 immediate family members, two of whom have served prior jail terms.
Reports of older detainees suggest authorities are casting a wide net to meet camp quotas.
Authorities alleviate cramped quarters by sending kids to facilities in other parts of China, sources say.
They take on tough farm work to make up for wages lost by men held in re-education camps.
The crackdown comes after the Xinjiang Communist Party chief calls for a massive region-wide security operation to prevent the occurrence of any incident, large or small.
An official says detainees will not be freed until they admit it was ‘wrong’ to leave China.
The move is the latest in a series of measures that privilege the use of Chinese in the region's schools, regardless of students' ethnicity.
His status as a ‘Patriotic Religious Scholar’ was ignored by police arresting the young men.
The latest security measure forced upon Muslims is being rolled out in various districts.
Employees are ordered back to work to promote ‘stability’ in the region.
The Qingzhen Bookstore, which traded online as IslamBook.net, ceases operations as its owner is detained on terrorism-related charges.