A sizable fund has been set aside for informants following a deadly attack in Hotan Prefecture.
The list is being circulated to local governments throughout the region for compulsory 'study', residents say.
Memet Eli was undergoing political re-education after being forcibly returned to his township by police, sources say.
The arrests may be part of a campaign to pressure Uyghur officials into greater loyalty to Beijing, one observer says.
An RFA investigation reveals the identities of the three Uyghur attackers and possible motives for the incident.
Unofficial Christian worship is included in an ever-widening crackdown on freedom of religion and association.
The move is part of an "anti-terrorism, stability maintenance" operation that aims to track all vehicles in the region eventually.
Chinese authorities say they have outlawed the practice, but the region’s Uyghurs still have to work for free.
Chinese police shoot dead three attackers at the scene, while five passersby die of their injuries, an official report says.
Authorities warn that attempts to cover up 'anti-state activities' will be harshly punished.
Police in Xinjiang refuse to allow family visits for a webmaster held in a pre-Ramadan crackdown.
The move appears aimed at discouraging use of the tools as weapons in terrorist attacks in the volatile region.
Rebiya Kadeer denounces attack as reports emerge that the shooter who killed 39 people might be from China's Uyghur community.
The word Islam must not appear on household registration forms, while forms already filled in must be changed.
The ‘Mosque Rectification’ campaign reduces Islamic places of worship to rubble.
Midnight raids on private homes are common, as police search for suspect persons.
The move appears aimed at further weakening Uyghur cultural identity and promoting identification with the Chinese state.