The arrests may be part of a campaign to pressure Uyghur officials into greater loyalty to Beijing, one observer says.
Chinese authorities say they have outlawed the practice, but the region’s Uyghurs still have to work for free.
Chinese police shoot dead three attackers at the scene, while five passersby die of their injuries, an official report says.
Authorities warn that attempts to cover up 'anti-state activities' will be harshly punished.
Police in Xinjiang refuse to allow family visits for a webmaster held in a pre-Ramadan crackdown.
The move appears aimed at discouraging use of the tools as weapons in terrorist attacks in the volatile region.
Rebiya Kadeer denounces attack as reports emerge that the shooter who killed 39 people might be from China's Uyghur community.
The word Islam must not appear on household registration forms, while forms already filled in must be changed.
The ‘Mosque Rectification’ campaign reduces Islamic places of worship to rubble.
Midnight raids on private homes are common, as police search for suspect persons.
The move appears aimed at further weakening Uyghur cultural identity and promoting identification with the Chinese state.
Rishat Haji's older brother, who has disappeared in Turkey, is suspected of involvement in separatist activities.
Trio was accused of spying for China after being caught in Kashmir.
With no jobs near home, the indigenous Turkic peoples have to abandon their children to work in the ‘bingtuan’ cotton fields.
World Uyghur Congress says the forced labor system is another way that Beijing attempts to control the ethnic people in the region.
Nur Muhammet Abdullah admitted wrongdoing and wants to become an Indonesian citizen, his attorney said.
Activists say the authorities are increasing worried about domestic opposition to the ruling Chinese Communist Party.