More than 350 cadres are sent to the Uyghur region to keep an eye on mosques and Islamic practices.
Parents and educators in Xinjiang are ordered to prevent children practicing religion, while those who do could be sent to 'special schools.'
An exile group says the policy is aimed at restricting the movements of the mostly Muslim Uyghur ethnic group.
Ilham Tohti is the recipient of the 2016 Martin Ennals Award for those who defend human rights at great risk to themselves.
Rebiya Kadeer appeals to President Erdogan for the release of Abduqadir Yapchan.
Police confiscate her passport after she tries to visit her son and grandchildren outside Xinjiang.
A complex of seven separate facilities now lies outside the regional capital Urumqi.
Fate of injured policemen, suspects unclear amid news blackout and reports of more than 10 killed or injured.
Three more police are believed dead after blast in the basement of a house they were searching in Guma County.
China accuses the trio of being members of the East Turkestan Islamic Movement.
Ilham Tohti is a 'scapegoat' for ethnic tensions and a prisoner of conscience, his advocates say.
The move appears aimed at supporters of World Uyghur Congress president and former political prisoner Rebiya Kadeer.
The event is meant to 'foster the Chinese nation’s valuable traditions and spread patriotic education' among participants.
Teachers in the Uyghur homeland must demonstrate loyalty to Beijing and to Chinese Communist Party rule.
The Muslim minority group is subjected to added scrutiny, while Han Chinese are allowed to move about unchecked.
'Religious extremism' is seen as a greater danger than the spread of the disease, sources say.
Questionnaire asks children to reveal which relatives pray, what they wear and who has facial hair.
Observers say the legislation is aimed at the further suppression of the Muslim Uyghur minority.
Residents are urged to watch for 'Uyghurs from Xinjiang' and report them to authorities as the city prepares for a major international gathering.
Uyghur herder: “We are forced to move, our village and heritage is going to vanish without a trace.”
Police arrested some on charges of ‘instigating ethnic-hatred’ and ‘separatism’ in the run-up to the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
Authorities say the Aksu resident died of a heart attack, though family members and others believe he was tortured.
Government workers pass out water bottles, force others to eat and drink in front of them.
Police in China's Ili prefecture near the Kazakh border issue new restrictions on travel documents.
Authorities deny allegations that they beat the Uzbek national while holding him for drug possession.
Seventeen Uyghurs are detained over 'pro-Ramadan' propaganda, an exile group says.
Arrested Uzbek man claims he was framed for helping the Uyghur suspects.
Sources say the deadly altercation started when a guard attempted to prevent a juvenile inmate from praying.
Refugees held at an immigration center say they would rather die of starvation than return to China.
Patigul Ghulam, detained after discussing her son’s case with RFA in 2014, was accused of leaking state secrets.