Kyrgyz are being sent to reeducation centers, while their traditions are slowly stamped out.
Haliq Mahmut had not taken part in protests, but removed a bullet from a fellow Uyghur’s leg.
The directive to recall Seypidin Azizi's books suggests Beijing aims to whitewash Uyghur history, observers say.
They call Dolkun Isa's detention by Italian police an attack on the right to freedom of expression.
Hebibulla Tohti had been lauded by China’s official Islamic Association for his accomplishments.
Prayer services are now preceded by flag ceremonies and lectures on patriotism.
The new directive prohibits use of the language in schools up to and including the secondary level in Hotan prefecture.
Dolkun Isa was stopped at the Italian Senate, where he was to speak on Uyghur issues.
Meanwhile, nearly 100 Uyghurs are being held by Egypt’s national intelligence service.
Hezritieli Memet has been held since February, when his parents were taken into custody.
Reports suggest the more than 200 Uyghurs are being interrogated ahead of deportation to China.
Non-Hans in Xinjiang’s capital are rated by 10 categories, including whether they are Uyghur.
University leaders meanwhile meet with official Chinese delegations, deny anyone detained 'on campus.'
The death of ethnic Kazakh imam Akmet in police custody is officially blamed on suicide, but those who supported him are being rounded up.
Fearful Uyghurs scramble to get out of Egypt and avoid forced return to China, where they risk torture and arbitrary jailing.
Many are seized while trying to flee to Turkey, while others go into hiding to evade police, sources say.
Many detainees face charges of "illegal religious activities" after they traveled overseas on pilgrimage, while others face "extremism" charges.
Residents of the regional capital must hand over all digital devices by the end of July as part of an ‘anti-terror’ operation.
Rizwangul Tursun was returned to China after trying to travel to Turkey to join her family in exile.
State security police detain 'a whole minibus' of Kazakh Muslims on June 10, citing connections with the Turkic-speaking Uyghurs.
International Uyghur Language Day, launched in 2015, urges Uyghurs around the world to speak their native language.
Police in the troubled region say the man's death was a suicide, claiming that he hanged himself following his detention last week.
Officials stay to prevent Uyghurs from fasting and praying during the Muslim holy month.
Officials say it is currently too difficult to change the IDs of adults, though they may be next.
A directive suggests authorities are trying to undermine Uyghur observance of the Muslim holy month.
All versions of the Islamic holy book published prior to 2012 are seized.
More than 90 percent of Xinjiang’s residents received checkups over a seven-month period.
The move sparks concerns among rights groups and exile Uyghurs that the mostly Muslim group is being targeted for racial profiling.
Dolkun Isa, co-founder of an exile Uyghur organization opposed by China, is forced from a UN building without explanation.
Only Uyghurs are targeted in a move to investigate the political views of students studying abroad.