Many are seized while trying to flee to Turkey, while others go into hiding to evade police, sources say.
Many detainees face charges of "illegal religious activities" after they traveled overseas on pilgrimage, while others face "extremism" charges.
Residents of the regional capital must hand over all digital devices by the end of July as part of an ‘anti-terror’ operation.
Rizwangul Tursun was returned to China after trying to travel to Turkey to join her family in exile.
State security police detain 'a whole minibus' of Kazakh Muslims on June 10, citing connections with the Turkic-speaking Uyghurs.
International Uyghur Language Day, launched in 2015, urges Uyghurs around the world to speak their native language.
Police in the troubled region say the man's death was a suicide, claiming that he hanged himself following his detention last week.
Officials stay to prevent Uyghurs from fasting and praying during the Muslim holy month.
Officials say it is currently too difficult to change the IDs of adults, though they may be next.
A directive suggests authorities are trying to undermine Uyghur observance of the Muslim holy month.
All versions of the Islamic holy book published prior to 2012 are seized.
More than 90 percent of Xinjiang’s residents received checkups over a seven-month period.
The move sparks concerns among rights groups and exile Uyghurs that the mostly Muslim group is being targeted for racial profiling.
Dolkun Isa, co-founder of an exile Uyghur organization opposed by China, is forced from a UN building without explanation.
Only Uyghurs are targeted in a move to investigate the political views of students studying abroad.
Large-scale farming and oil exploration are drying out the area’s karez wells.
Nearly 40 were arrested in the sweep, including several sets of siblings, an official says.
Jihad, Mecca, Hajj, and Saddam are among names judged to be 'a bit too much' according to current baby registration guidelines.
Marriages must be held at government-sanctioned venues with approved officiants, sources say.
Observers say the practice is part of a greater problem of ethnic inequality in the region.
They want the men to prevent separatists and extremists in Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture from crossing the border.
The inspections come weeks after a deadly attack carried out by Uyghurs in the region.
Abdurishit Haji was suspected by authorities of supporting Uyghur separatist groups outside China, sources say.
Jewher Ilham says she will work to win freedom for her jailed father, Uyghur scholar Ilham Tohti.
A sizable fund has been set aside for informants following a deadly attack in Hotan Prefecture.
Right activists say retired judge Huang Yunmin is widely respected for his keen sense of justice and advocacy for vulnerable workers.
Rabihan Musa had petitioned in public for months for permission to visit her family outside the country.
The move will add more than 250 auxiliary officers to patrol neighborhoods and staff checkpoints on the roads.
The list is being circulated to local governments throughout the region for compulsory 'study', residents say.
Memet Eli was undergoing political re-education after being forcibly returned to his township by police, sources say.