Officials stay to prevent Uyghurs from fasting and praying during the Muslim holy month.
Officials say it is currently too difficult to change the IDs of adults, though they may be next.
A directive suggests authorities are trying to undermine Uyghur observance of the Muslim holy month.
All versions of the Islamic holy book published prior to 2012 are seized.
More than 90 percent of Xinjiang’s residents received checkups over a seven-month period.
The move sparks concerns among rights groups and exile Uyghurs that the mostly Muslim group is being targeted for racial profiling.
Dolkun Isa, co-founder of an exile Uyghur organization opposed by China, is forced from a UN building without explanation.
Only Uyghurs are targeted in a move to investigate the political views of students studying abroad.
Large-scale farming and oil exploration are drying out the area’s karez wells.
Nearly 40 were arrested in the sweep, including several sets of siblings, an official says.
Jihad, Mecca, Hajj, and Saddam are among names judged to be 'a bit too much' according to current baby registration guidelines.
Marriages must be held at government-sanctioned venues with approved officiants, sources say.
Observers say the practice is part of a greater problem of ethnic inequality in the region.
They want the men to prevent separatists and extremists in Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture from crossing the border.
The inspections come weeks after a deadly attack carried out by Uyghurs in the region.
Abdurishit Haji was suspected by authorities of supporting Uyghur separatist groups outside China, sources say.
Jewher Ilham says she will work to win freedom for her jailed father, Uyghur scholar Ilham Tohti.
A sizable fund has been set aside for informants following a deadly attack in Hotan Prefecture.
Right activists say retired judge Huang Yunmin is widely respected for his keen sense of justice and advocacy for vulnerable workers.
Rabihan Musa had petitioned in public for months for permission to visit her family outside the country.
The move will add more than 250 auxiliary officers to patrol neighborhoods and staff checkpoints on the roads.
The list is being circulated to local governments throughout the region for compulsory 'study', residents say.
Memet Eli was undergoing political re-education after being forcibly returned to his township by police, sources say.
The arrests may be part of a campaign to pressure Uyghur officials into greater loyalty to Beijing, one observer says.
An RFA investigation reveals the identities of the three Uyghur attackers and possible motives for the incident.
Unofficial Christian worship is included in an ever-widening crackdown on freedom of religion and association.
The move is part of an "anti-terrorism, stability maintenance" operation that aims to track all vehicles in the region eventually.
Chinese authorities say they have outlawed the practice, but the region’s Uyghurs still have to work for free.
Chinese police shoot dead three attackers at the scene, while five passersby die of their injuries, an official report says.
Authorities warn that attempts to cover up 'anti-state activities' will be harshly punished.