The act would dedicate new resources to documenting the crackdown and protecting US citizens against Chinese harassment.
Chen Wuquan is handed the sentence after helping local people protest against a planned land reclamation project.
Wang Yanfang, wife of a detained rights attorney, says people like her
husband are jailed instead of being praised for their work.
More than 30 Maoist activists, former Jasic workers, and NGO staff are being held, some on criminal charges, since a crackdown began last July.
Imports from the two nations had nearly doubled in the past five years, while prices declined.
The villager was one of a group detained for protesting the seizure of their land for use by a Vietnamese rubber company.
At least one pair of newcomers said they left India out of fear of being deported to Myanmar.
Victims of forced eviction in the Loc Hung community sent a petition to three government offices but were rejected by two.
Those guilty of recruiting or deploying children are being demoted and sent to military or civilian prisons.
The Arakan Army denies that government soldiers captured one of its camps, calling the announcement ‘fake news.’