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Myanmar’s key election issues


Democratic reform

Myanmar’s democratic reform efforts have stalled and in some cases have taken a turn for the worse in the past five years. NLD attempts to amend the 2008 constitution to curb the political power of the military and allow Aung San Suu Kyi to become president have been blocked by military lawmakers. Read more...

Ethnic conflict

There are simmering conflicts with ethnic armies in other border regions too. The government has held three rounds of the Union Peace Conference and will hold another in August but it still appears far from achieving a political deal, even with ethnic armed groups that have signed a national cease-fire agreement. Read more...

Economy and poverty

Myanmar’s economy has grown at an annual rate of around 6 percent during the NLD’s time in office, but the COVID-19 pandemic and resultant government-ordered lockdown are expected to all but wipe out GDP growth for the current fiscal year. Read more...

International relations

Myanmar’s international standing, which had been elevated by its historic transition to democracy, has plummeted over the 2017 military-led crackdown on Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State. Myanmar faces genocide-related charges at the International Court of Justice, the U.N.’s top court which settles disputes between nations. Read more...

Corruption

The NLD government has made some progress in tackling growing inequality and rising business costs in Myanmar, but corruption remains endemic in both the public and private sectors, and is sure to be pressing issue for the next administration. Read more...

Migrant laborers and refugees

The numbers of ethnic minority people displaced by conflict has only climbed under the NLD government. In addition to the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya displaced internally and in Bangladesh, some 200,000 mostly ethnic Rakhines have been uprooted by the current conflict in Rakhine State. Read more...


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