Lobsang Sangye was sentenced in a closed trial after seven months of incommunicado detention.
Police take a village leader into custody after he refuses to sign his approval for the project, a local source says.
A former leader of Tibetan student protests, he was sentenced for his writings criticizing Chinese policies in Tibetan areas.
The monk, named Lodroe, had joined in protests in Lhasa in March 2008 challenging Beijing's rule in Tibet.
The Tibetan father of two daughters burns himself to death in protest against Chinese rule in the region.