Ethnic Kazakhs are being detained for 're-education' on the strength of photos showing them with a Kazakhstan politician.
Police say they are given blank verdict forms from the courts, which they fill in themselves.
After being interrogated by a Uyghur official, the students went missing from Tora Prison.
The authorities are targeting young and old alike, including overseas students and ethnic minority elderly who wish to retire across the border.
The number includes 11 immediate family members, two of whom have served prior jail terms.
Reports of older detainees suggest authorities are casting a wide net to meet camp quotas.
Authorities alleviate cramped quarters by sending kids to facilities in other parts of China, sources say.
They take on tough farm work to make up for wages lost by men held in re-education camps.
The crackdown comes after the Xinjiang Communist Party chief calls for a massive region-wide security operation to prevent the occurrence of any incident, large or small.
An official says detainees will not be freed until they admit it was ‘wrong’ to leave China.
The move is the latest in a series of measures that privilege the use of Chinese in the region's schools, regardless of students' ethnicity.
His status as a ‘Patriotic Religious Scholar’ was ignored by police arresting the young men.
The latest security measure forced upon Muslims is being rolled out in various districts.
Employees are ordered back to work to promote ‘stability’ in the region.
The Qingzhen Bookstore, which traded online as IslamBook.net, ceases operations as its owner is detained on terrorism-related charges.
Local officials are ordered to detain anyone exhibiting religious ‘extremist’ tendencies.
Hotel industry sources across the country report bans on ethnic minority Uyghurs from Xinjiang ahead of a ruling party congress.
Ethnic Kazakh Chinese passport-holders who had previously had permanent residency now face imminent, forcible repatriation and the threat of imprisonment, sources say.
Hans get ‘green lanes’ and Uyghurs must exit their vehicles for lengthy security checks.
Thousands of books and mats have been confiscated since late last year, officials said.
Detainees are rarely freed, despite months of ‘training’ to undo ‘political incorrectness.’
The students were punished despite a probe which cleared them of any wrongdoing.
Authorities are also requiring households to hand over any prayer mats or other items bearing the symbols of Islam.
They also voice concerns over the conditions Ilham Tohti faces in prison.
Three students who were released believe authorities in the North African country may have deported them back to China.
The story was told by a 'terrified' friend under questioning by police, the woman's brother says.
The trial comes against a backdrop of growing security measures targeting the region's mostly Muslim ethnic minority groups.
The detainees had been following a live-stream of a recent fight by the former Chinese welterweight boxer who emigrated to Kazakhstan in 2011.
Five categories of people held extrajudicially and isolated from families without having committed any crimes.
Ethnic Kazakh Mahathir Halaman is handed a one-year jail term for ‘praying five times a day at home,’ regional sources say.