Chinese authorities release new casualty figures four days after the violence in Bugur county.
Casualties much higher as details of the Sept. 21 violence emerge.
Ilham Tohti says he is still shackled, but optimistic, as an appeal is launched.
Ilham Tohti says he is 'innocent' and protests decision.
Exiled Uyghur leader Rebiya Kadeer says that the recent vote in Scotland can provide a peaceful model for China to resolve ethnic conflicts.
The explosions come amid tight security ahead of the National Day holiday and a major Muslim festival.
'It is not a crime to express one's views, nor to carry out research,' Tohti tells the court.
World Uyghur Congress leader Rebiya Kadeer says she fears they will face harsh punishment on their return home.
Ilham Tohti denies separatism charges, but is highly unlikely to receive a fair trial, activists say.
Other family members experience harassment by police in Xinjiang.
Ilham Tohti's lawyers say he should be returned to his hometown, Beijing, to stand trial there.
The duo has evaded Chinese authorities for two months.
Chinese authorities punish him following a 'confrontation' in detention, his lawyer says.