A combination of sanctions and a fall in the value of the ruble strains financing for supplies.
But the monetary moves may do little to ease pressures or avert further declines.
Experts call for Beijing to reach peak consumption by 2020 in order to meet targets.
Beijing sees an opening to set tougher terms for buying Moscow's fuel.
Phantom exports conceal flows of 'hot money' to dodge Chinese currency rules.
Officials are pointing fingers after a cut in forecasts.
Doubts persist about the independence of the country's courts.
Stockpiling may cloud outlook on prices.
Beijing tries to curb backdoor finance schemes through arm's-length corporations.
But observers suggest the shift reflects an expectation that numbers are unlikely to improve.
Beijing claims progress in energy efficiency suggesting it could help it meet five-year goal.
Russia promotes plans for a second line from the west that officials say could be agreed upon soon.
The government is curbing production as prices for the resource plunge.
Uncertainty spreads as prices decline, sparking fears of a property bubble burst.
Emissions from coal-to-gas plants climb.
Pressure may be due to domestic reforms.
Sectoral curbs restrict key energy technologies.
Beijing's targeting of corruption is frightening officials and slowing reforms.
Conflict between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan raises pipeline risk.
The phantom commodities are sought at Qingdao port.
Government meets resistance to reforms.
State media says top Chinese leaders are complaining that the reform experiment has accomplished little so far.
Vacant housing highlights gap between rich and poor.
Price problems remain for low-polluting fuel.
Government calls for public thrift in anti-graft drive.
Consumers are likely to face higher costs.
The economy is on edge as prices are poised to fall.
Moscow signs contract under pressure over Ukraine.
The official unemployment rate has been unchanged for years.
Mills add production capacity despite a glut in the market.