Mass defection of regime-run restaurant staff to South Korea spurs ideological tightening that inconveniences workers and employers
Many are killed in falls or by heart attacks or endemic disease, one expert says.
Installing the 'Red Star' operating system and solving information technology problems puts money in the pockets of the technologically savvy.
Authorities are no longer letting residents obtain documents to travel to China to visit family members or conduct private business.
The soldiers, who are told to disguise their identity, are increasingly replacing North Korean civilians sent abroad to work.
The new procedure allows firms and factories to conduct transactions without relying on promissory notes.
Meanwhile, security officers travel with larger vessels to monitor crews' use of communications equipment.
The 'dishonorable discharge' means expulsion from the Workers Party, but at least worn out soldiers get to go home.
Political prisoners and citizens of low social standing are sent to work in the mines under harsh conditions, report says.
Clothing must not bear labels showing manufacture in rival South Korea, though.
Judicial authorities will not allow them to work in outside business ventures unless they fulfill their work obligations to the state.
Soldiers from less well-off families meanwhile serve at dangerous posts or in construction brigades.
Many are exhausted from working without compensation to show their commitment to the repressive regime.
UN sanctions are helping push vacancy rates up in Dadong, China as business with North Korea slows.
They are avoiding patronizing them so as to not attract additional attention from North Korean monitors who track their moves.
But sales of Taedonggang beer are limited to stores that carry products for the Korean communities in two cities in Liaoning province.
Removal of a national symbol looks like a protest against the dictatorship.
Police in North Hamgyong province stop and fine drivers for a wide range of infractions, sources say.
Closures come after deputy health minister finds multiple problems at clinics in Dar es Salaam following RFA investigation.
The move will further reduce the profits earned by store managers, adding to central government revenue.
They avoid paying rent by helping Chinese partners make contacts for trade across the border.
New, tough U.N. sanctions against the country for its recent nuclear test and rocket launch have prompted the move.
China's Xi also tells Obama he will enforce U.N. nuclear sanctions on Pyongyang, which fired another missile during a nuclear security summit in Washington.
The move may be aimed at creating a more energetic image for North Korea's ruling party, sources say.
News of one incident that occurred in Yanggang province has spread across the country, putting a damper on the idolization of leader Kim Jong Un.
Pyongyang warns of ‘preemptive strike of justice’ while Washington and Seoul move to tighten sanctions.
The eateries have experienced financial problems following the regime’s recent launch of a long-range rocket and nuclear test.
Otto Warmbier is sentenced for trying to steal a propaganda banner in what North Korea calls a "serious offense" against the state.
In a move that is designed to put cash in the government's hands, people can buy time off from the latest state-imposed workathon.
Locals say new soldiers Pyongyang claims volunteered for military service were in fact forcibly drafted.