UN Wants Access to Hmong

The UN refugee agency wants to meet with ethnic Hmong sent back to Laos.
2010-01-13
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Hmong-Repatriation-III-305.jpg
The first Thai military truck carrying Hmong refugees departs for Laos, Dec. 28, 2009.
Pimuk Rakkanam/RFA

BANGKOK—U.N. refugee officials want access to a group of more than 150 ethnic Hmong they believe may have been wrongly repatriated to Laos from Thailand, to find out if they still want to resettle in a third country, according to the refugee agency spokeswoman.

Kitty Mackinsey, spokeswoman for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), said the offer to resettle is still available to the 158 Hmong, who claim they could face persecution in Laos.

The agency hopes to meet with the group to verify claims by the Lao Foreign Ministry that they returned to Laos voluntarily in late December, she said.

“We would like to get access to them to help facilitate their resettlement, because the resettlement countries still are offering them places to go.... The last time we talked to them they did want to go for resettlement,” Mackinsey said.

“We would like to have access to the people in Laos to talk to them and find out what their true wishes are."

The 158, all of whom have been designated "people of concern" by the UNHCR and could face persecution in Laos, were repatriated from Thailand along with a much larger group from another camp in Petchabun at the end of December.

They had been held in a detention center overseen by immigration police in Nong Khai, Thailand.

Lao Foreign Ministry spokesman Khenthong Nuanthasing said Monday that all 158 had “changed their minds.”

Reunited

“They have changed their minds upon arrival and reunited with Hmong communities in their home country,” Khenthong told the Thai newspaper The Nation.

Khenthong said the group had decided to stay after from Lao authorities treated them well on arrival, adding that even Hmong leader Blia Shoua Her had decided to live in the Ban Pha Lak resettlement village outside of the Lao capital Vientiane with his family.

Lao authorities have said the Hmong will receive assistance and be reintegrated into Lao society, but they added they will not grant access to the group until they have been resettled.

The UNHCR has no formal presence in Laos.

Hmong repatriation

Thailand repatriated 4,711 Hmong refugees on Dec. 28 from Petchabun and Nong Khai, despite concern for the group’s treatment by Lao authorities upon their return.

Thai military units equipped with riot shields and batons entered a refugee camp at Huay Nam Khao in Petchabun and forced thousands of Hmong onto buses, sending them back across the Mekong River into Laos.

The forced repatriations ended years of uncertainty over the status of the Hmong.

Known as America’s “forgotten allies,” the Hmong sided with the United States during the Vietnam War and many fled Laos in 1975 when the communist Pathet Lao took power.

Tens of thousands have since been resettled in the United States.

Many Hmong say they fear persecution from the Lao government because of their Vietnam War-era ties with the United States.

Some Hmong fought under CIA advisers during a so-called “secret war” against communists in Laos.

A number of Lao Hmong are still being held in refugee camps in Thailand’s Lopburi and Huay Kwang, but it is unclear what the Thai government plans to do with those groups.

“We do not have any indications from the Thai government that any more people are going to be deported,” UNHCR’s Mackinsey said.

Resettlement process

Lao authorities said they have moved most of the Hmong to a newly developed area in Ban Pattana in Vientiane province.

Hundreds of other returnees have been sent to provinces around Laos that host Hmong communities.

The Lao Foreign Ministry said Lao authorities have given 300,000 kip (U.S. $35) in cash to each member of the Hmong returnees, land for farming, and one year's worth of rice.

Authorities also opened the Hmong resettlement village in Ban Pha Lak to visiting U.S. congressmen led by House Foreign Affairs Committee member Eni Faleomavaega over the weekend.

Faleomavaega told a news conference Saturday he found no evidence of abuse of the Hmong by Lao authorities.

Original reporting by RFA’s Lao service. Lao service director: Viengsay Luangkhot. Written for the Web in English by Joshua Lipes. Edited by Sarah Jackson-Han.

Comments (26)
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Anonymous Reader

stop wiring, war is over, go back and live a happy life and building family and country

Jan 22, 2010 09:11 PM

(

... of course the war is over. Doesn't mean human life isn't suffer.. Doesn't mean you go and live a happy life.. For some, they hide from those who still want to hunt them down and kill.


[This comment has been edited by RFA Editorial staff per our Terms of Use]

Apr 12, 2014 07:24 AM

Anonymous Reader

I agree with Addulite. It seems to be a very practical idea.In order for your voice to be heard, Hmong peoples have to act now before it's too late. Please sacrifice your time, energy and any resources to save people who have been oppressed by the Lao Totalitarian Regime.

Jan 19, 2010 05:42 PM

Anonymous Reader

If you Hmong people are smart your should march to DC, United Nations headquarter, and the state capital by thousands. I am sure the US would act and do something fast. Stop talking, get your people around the world and start marching and drumming. This is the only way to be heard. It is time Hmong people.

Jan 19, 2010 09:52 AM

Anonymous Reader

We are know so well that Hmong did not want to return to Laos, Hmong know very and deep that one day they will got kill by Communists Lao. What Lao / Thai Government want to return Hmong back to Laos because they are hated Hmong people as well as Hmong supported CIA during Vientnam War. Also, now Thai Prime Minister, Abhisit Vejjajiva we can call his is a Communist as Laos and Vietnam too,. Thai Prime Minister, Abhisit Vejjajiva will bring the Thai country falling to be communists country as well.
Thai better keep out this bad man out of Thai country soon.... He will try to destroy the Thai King eihter....

Jan 16, 2010 11:36 PM

Anonymous Reader

The Thai and Lao Governments did do their part by giving other countries a chance to resettle the Hmong refugees stalling in Thailand for the past four years. Other countries failed to act but continued to criticize Thai and Lao Govs.

Jan 15, 2010 11:56 PM

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