Helicopters Fire on Rohingya Refugees

Rohingya Muslim refugees from Burma who managed to sneak into neighboring Bangladesh speak of their ordeal at sea.
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One of the Rohingyas who was pushed back to sea by Bangladesh authorities, June 18, 2012.
Saiful Huq Omi/Polaris.

UPDATED at 9:40 a.m. EST on 2012-06-23

CORRECTION – RFA has corrected information in this article to show that the Rohingya refugees were attacked by a helicopter shortly after leaving Burma and not after being turned away by authorities in Bangladesh as previously reported.

Helicopters opened fire on boats carrying Rohingya Muslims heading to Bangladesh and fleeing sectarian violence in west Burma, according to refugees who survived the sea ordeal.

The refugees said they witnessed children drowning and starving to death during their perilous journey.

The shooting took place shortly after six boats of refugees set out from Burma across the river Naf to Teknaf town in the southernmost part of mainland Bangladesh, the witnesses told RFA.

"We floated in the sea for four days and my younger brother starved to death," said a 10-year-old girl on condition of anonymity, speaking through an interpreter.

"We had six boats. Then a helicopter came and opened fire, and three boats were lost, all of those people [in them] were killed." She did not specify the exact date of the incident, which occurred earlier this month, or whether the helicopters were from Burma or Bangladesh. 

The young girl, who is from Sittwe, the capital of violence-hit Rakhine state in Burma, is among a group of refugees sheltered and hidden from the authorities by a Bangladeshi woman.

The woman said she was moved by the plight of the Rohingyas, a stateless people described by the U.N. as one of the world's most persecuted minorities.

Helicopter fire

A young father, also from Sittwe, said he was among those who left in the group of six boats, three of which he said came under helicopter fire.

"Because we couldn't endure the torture, we took six boats and left our homeland," he said, also on condition of anonymity, citing burning of homes and mosques and killings and other sectarian violence triggered in the first week of June in which he said two of his children and up to 25 of his relatives died.

"Three [boats] were together and three became separated from the group," he said. "These three that fell behind were set on fire by the helicopters."

"At first, we couldn’t be sure that the boats were being fired on because of the sound of our engine but then we saw the boats catch fire."

The refugee said three children died on his boat. "We threw them into the sea because they were dead." 

Another 10-year-old girl said she was the only child who managed to swim ashore after their boat was turned back. The vessel, carrying her grandmother and many other children, including a nursing infant, was very small, not seaworthy, and possibly took on water.

Third attempt

Another refugee said her boat was turned back twice, and although it managed to land on its third attempt, three children on the vessel, including two of hers, died while waiting out at sea.

"My five-year-old boy died of starvation and heat on the boat," she said. "They burned all of our homes and killed my sisters and brothers. That's why I came here," she said referring to the violence in Rakhine state which has left about 60 dead with tens of thousands displaced, according to official estimates.

At least 2,000 Rohingyas have tried to enter Bangladesh following the violence between Muslims and Buddhists in Rakhine state in Burma since early June, but most were either turned back or detained.

In a June 18 incident cited by witnesses who spoke to RFA, the Bangladesh authorities turned back 139 mostly young Rohingya men.

"This is the first time I have ever done anything like this," said a Bangladesh security officer, identifying himself as Major Salif, who oversaw a feeding program for the 130 Rohingyas before they were put back on their boats and sent away.

"According to my understanding, this [turning back the refugees] will go on for sometime, but God willing  it will take its natural course and settle down soon," Salif, the commanding officer at the Shapuri Dip Jetty in Teknaf, told RFA.


Bangladesh says its resources are already too strained and has refused to accept the Rohingyas despite appeals from the United Nations to grant them refugee status.

Bangladeshi officials estimate that a total of 300,000 Rohingya people live in the country, with only about a tenth of them in two official refugee camps in the southern district of Cox's Bazaar.

Burma considers the Rohingya to be illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and denies them citizenship while Bangladesh says Rohingya have been living in Burma for centuries and should be recognized there as citizens.

Reported by an RFA correspondent in Bangladesh.

Comments (14)
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from kl

The Rohingya of Burma are the world's most persecuted and vulnerable ethnic minority. Due to
their racial and religious differences with the Burman Buddhist-majority, they have been officially
declared by Burma’s ruling military regime as n...on-citizens of Burma, making them legally stateless
people. They are treated not only as aliens, but also modern-day slaves in their ancestral homeland
of Arakan.
The Rohingya of Burma are the world's most persecuted and vulnerable ethnic minority. Due to
their racial and religious differences with the Burman Buddhist-majority, they have been officially
declared by Burma’s ruling military regime as non-citizens of Burma, making them legally stateless
people. They are treated not only as aliens, but also modern-day slaves in their ancestral homeland
of Arakan.

Jun 26, 2012 04:48 PM


from kl

. if myanmar become democracy there is nothing for muslim only for bhuddist cause Suu Kyi has no feeling for muslim ethinic. now they are terminating rohingya muslim and than later and sooner its will start in yan goon too the capital of myanmar.

Jun 26, 2012 04:46 PM


from Dhaka

In an address to the Parliament the Foreign Minister who lacks diplomatic training and proper education in international and foreign affairs categorically stated that it is not possible for an impoversihed nations like Bangladesh to take on the additional burden of the refugees from Myanmar. On the same day the TV broadcast atleast two instances of cake-cutting ceremonies by the Prime MInister, as well as, the Foreign Minister were telecast on some occassion that betrayed the just spoken words designating Bangladesh as an impoverished nation that betrays any shred of austerity just by the sheer size of the CAKE. BUDDHA IN A STATE OF DISTURBED TRANQUILITY.

Jun 24, 2012 07:57 AM


from William

People who are barking here against rohingya are either racist or ignorant or they could be well mis-influenced by their military ruler to hate one of the aboriginal ethnicity of that land. So called arakan state was full of muslim even before todays rakhine started living and got the land of rohingya when their govt resettled them bringing from other territory. Isn't it history, Burma you say you are moving toward democracy by killing people with helicopter at so called ethnic violence.

Jun 22, 2012 07:56 AM


from singapore

You are showing your historical back ground as zero.Arakan history has evidents since BC 352 and so called rohingyas has no evident until AD 1950 and they created history missing with Arakan kingdom. If you don't know detail you shouldn't take part in to avoid conflicts

Jun 24, 2012 10:38 AM


That does not justify violence of any kind! Who cares who arrived where first? Everyone deserves to live wherever they want to live in peace without worrying about dying.

Stop acting like children fighting over who's first. Please.

Jul 07, 2012 02:58 PM


from Yangon

You ask the international community to help. Why not your own country? You just keep saying stop the genocide, give them citizenship. Have you any proof that there is genocide? There are pictures of genocides on Facebook but these are not from Arakan but from Africa. Copied some old news article and captions were put under it, "The genocide in Arakan!" and thousands of Muslims shared the picture thinking that is the real picture. Now who's manipulating who?

Dec 28, 2012 11:01 PM

Anonymous Reader

from Kuala Lumpur.

These are against the law of humanity.International community must act immediately to stop the cruelity against minority. Such a surprise, there are those people who still attacking to those helpless people.God knows the truth who is telling lies and be ready to accept the punishment from God.

Jun 22, 2012 03:51 AM

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