Rizwangul Tursun was returned to China after trying to travel to Turkey to join her family in exile.
Officials stay to prevent Uyghurs from fasting and praying during the Muslim holy month.
Officials say it is currently too difficult to change the IDs of adults, though they may be next.
A directive suggests authorities are trying to undermine Uyghur observance of the Muslim holy month.
All versions of the Islamic holy book published prior to 2012 are seized.
More than 90 percent of Xinjiang’s residents received checkups over a seven-month period.
The move sparks concerns among rights groups and exile Uyghurs that the mostly Muslim group is being targeted for racial profiling.
Dolkun Isa, co-founder of an exile Uyghur organization opposed by China, is forced from a UN building without explanation.
Only Uyghurs are targeted in a move to investigate the political views of students studying abroad.
Large-scale farming and oil exploration are drying out the area’s karez wells.
Nearly 40 were arrested in the sweep, including several sets of siblings, an official says.
Jihad, Mecca, Hajj, and Saddam are among names judged to be 'a bit too much' according to current baby registration guidelines.
Marriages must be held at government-sanctioned venues with approved officiants, sources say.
Observers say the practice is part of a greater problem of ethnic inequality in the region.
They want the men to prevent separatists and extremists in Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture from crossing the border.
The inspections come weeks after a deadly attack carried out by Uyghurs in the region.
Abdurishit Haji was suspected by authorities of supporting Uyghur separatist groups outside China, sources say.