Chinese authorities say they have outlawed the practice, but the region’s Uyghurs still have to work for free.
The move appears aimed at discouraging use of the tools as weapons in terrorist attacks in the volatile region.
Rebiya Kadeer denounces attack as reports emerge that the shooter who killed 39 people might be from China's Uyghur community.
The word Islam must not appear on household registration forms, while forms already filled in must be changed.
The ‘Mosque Rectification’ campaign reduces Islamic places of worship to rubble.
Midnight raids on private homes are common, as police search for suspect persons.
The move appears aimed at further weakening Uyghur cultural identity and promoting identification with the Chinese state.
Rishat Haji's older brother, who has disappeared in Turkey, is suspected of involvement in separatist activities.
Trio was accused of spying for China after being caught in Kashmir.
With no jobs near home, the indigenous Turkic peoples have to abandon their children to work in the ‘bingtuan’ cotton fields.
World Uyghur Congress says the forced labor system is another way that Beijing attempts to control the ethnic people in the region.
Nur Muhammet Abdullah admitted wrongdoing and wants to become an Indonesian citizen, his attorney said.
Activists say the authorities are increasing worried about domestic opposition to the ruling Chinese Communist Party.
More than 350 cadres are sent to the Uyghur region to keep an eye on mosques and Islamic practices.
Parents and educators in Xinjiang are ordered to prevent children practicing religion, while those who do could be sent to 'special schools.'
An exile group says the policy is aimed at restricting the movements of the mostly Muslim Uyghur ethnic group.
Ilham Tohti is the recipient of the 2016 Martin Ennals Award for those who defend human rights at great risk to themselves.