Rishat Haji's older brother, who has disappeared in Turkey, is suspected of involvement in separatist activities.
Nur Muhammet Abdullah admitted wrongdoing and wants to become an Indonesian citizen, his attorney said.
Activists say the authorities are increasing worried about domestic opposition to the ruling Chinese Communist Party.
More than 350 cadres are sent to the Uyghur region to keep an eye on mosques and Islamic practices.
Parents and educators in Xinjiang are ordered to prevent children practicing religion, while those who do could be sent to 'special schools.'
An exile group says the policy is aimed at restricting the movements of the mostly Muslim Uyghur ethnic group.
Ilham Tohti is the recipient of the 2016 Martin Ennals Award for those who defend human rights at great risk to themselves.
Rebiya Kadeer appeals to President Erdogan for the release of Abduqadir Yapchan.
Police confiscate her passport after she tries to visit her son and grandchildren outside Xinjiang.
A complex of seven separate facilities now lies outside the regional capital Urumqi.
Fate of injured policemen, suspects unclear amid news blackout and reports of more than 10 killed or injured.
Three more police are believed dead after blast in the basement of a house they were searching in Guma County.
China accuses the trio of being members of the East Turkestan Islamic Movement.
Ilham Tohti is a 'scapegoat' for ethnic tensions and a prisoner of conscience, his advocates say.
The move appears aimed at supporters of World Uyghur Congress president and former political prisoner Rebiya Kadeer.
The event is meant to 'foster the Chinese nation’s valuable traditions and spread patriotic education' among participants.
Teachers in the Uyghur homeland must demonstrate loyalty to Beijing and to Chinese Communist Party rule.