New Guidelines on Uyghur ‘Signs of Extremism’ Issued to Xinjiang Authorities

2017-11-07
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A Chinese policeman stands guard as Muslims arrive for the Eid al-Fitr morning prayer at the Id Kah Mosque in Kashgar, northwestern China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, June 26, 2017.
A Chinese policeman stands guard as Muslims arrive for the Eid al-Fitr morning prayer at the Id Kah Mosque in Kashgar, northwestern China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, June 26, 2017.
AFP

 

Authorities in northwest China’s Xinjiang region are using an updated set of guidelines to detain Muslim Uyghurs on charges of religious “extremism” that now include their postures while at prayer, the color of their hair, and even how they wear their watches, according to official sources.

Since April, thousands of Uyghurs accused of harboring “extremist” and “politically incorrect” views have been detained in political re-education camps and prisons throughout Xinjiang, where members of the ethnic group complain of pervasive discrimination, religious repression, and cultural suppression under Chinese rule.

Authorities have relied on a list circulated earlier this year of “75 Signs of Religious Extremism” to detain Uyghurs amid a string of harsh policies attacking their legitimate rights and freedoms enacted since Communist Party secretary Chen Quanguo was appointed to run the region in August 2016.

Among the signs of extremism on the list were “conducting business as usual” and “women who wear religious clothing to work” during the holy Islamic month of Ramadan, “storing or purchasing large quantities of food for home” and “acting abnormal,” and “praying in groups in public outside of mosques.”

But Communist Party secretaries in villages in Xinjiang’s Hotan (in Chinese, Hetian) prefecture recently told RFA’s Uyghur Service that they were notified in April of several new “signs of extremism” security personnel should look for to determine whether a Uyghur is at risk of becoming an Islamic “radical.”

“There are many different signs of religious extremism—we have a list of 75,” a village secretary from Hotan city’s Ilchi township said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

“[New guidelines say to look for] those who, when at prayer, stand with their legs wide apart and place their hands above their chest, and also those who dye their hair red [with henna].”

In addition to existing guidelines that warn against Uyghurs who “grow their hair or beards long,” the new instructions advise authorities to be wary of “those who wear short trousers” and “those who wear a watch on their right wrist,” he said, without elaborating.

“In villages, people who don’t greet the party secretary or cadres, and those suddenly abstaining from drinking alcohol—these changes are [now] also considered to be a sign of religious extremism,” he added.

The secretary did not provide details of who had issued the new guidelines or whether anyone had been detained in his village because of them.

‘Change in ideology’

A second village secretary from Ilchi confirmed that anyone exhibiting any of the original 75 signs of “extremism,” or those from the new set of guidelines, is subject to arrest.

“We talk with whoever exhibits any of the signs and ask them to correct their behavior,” said the secretary, who also asked to remain unnamed.

“If they refuse to cooperate, we send them for re-education in order to liberate their thoughts and minds.”

According to the secretary, security personnel monitoring area mosques for “extremist” activity “pay particular attention” to those who “place their hands on their upper chest or stand with their legs apart.”

Additionally, those who “dye their hair or grow long beards, which they dye, despite being young” are singled out by authorities, he added.

“In our opinion, they are part of an organisation, and they coordinate and identify one another by their colored hair—otherwise they wouldn’t do it,” the secretary said.

“We also believe there has been a change in their ideology [that made them become extremist].”

The secretary declined to comment on which branch of government was responsible for determining the new guidelines, and would only say that “some” of the more than 200 Uyghurs from his village who had been imprisoned or placed in re-education camps since April had exhibited the signs, leading to their arrest.

‘Cultural habits’

Turghunjan Alawudun, the Munich-based World Uyghur Congress exile group’s director of Religious Affairs, rejected the idea that the “signs” listed in the guidelines distributed to authorities in Xinjiang were indicators of religious extremism among Uyghurs.

He noted that people in many Arab countries pray standing with their legs apart, which he said was a “cultural tradition,” and said Muslims were instructed by the Prophet Muhammad to prevent any clothing from touching the ground for reasons of hygiene.

Dying one’s hair with henna is also an Islamic practice in many Arab countries, as well as in India and Pakistan, Alawudun added.

“These are just cultural and historical habits—our Prophet used to do it, so traditionally people have followed what he did,” he said.

“For the Chinese government to add these as ‘signs of religious extremism’ is absolutely laughable.”

According to Alawudun, the growing list of guidelines is an indication of Beijing’s paranoia over the Islamic faith, which he said advocates justice and instructs followers not to bow to oppression.

He questioned what right the state has in banning citizens from dyeing their hair and wearing long clothing, and suggested that outlawing such practices was an attempt by Chinese authorities to justify a crackdown on what he called “the increasingly strong beliefs of Uyghur Muslims.”

“The aim of the Chinese authorities is to extinguish Uyghur people’s faith completely, by using various tactics and excuses to stop those people from believing in Islam,” he said.

“In their view, once the Uyghur people become atheist, it would become more convenient to assimilate the entire population … [so that they] are the same as the [ethnic Han] Chinese,” he said.

“In order to persecute the wider [Uyghur] population, they are listing normal behaviors as ‘radical,’ with the end goal of eradicating our faith and culture.”

‘Strike hard’ campaigns

China regularly conducts “strike hard” campaigns in Xinjiang, including police raids on Uyghur households, restrictions on Islamic practices, and curbs on the culture and language of the Uyghur people, including videos and other material.

While China blames some Uyghurs for "terrorist" attacks, experts outside China say Beijing has exaggerated the threat from the Uyghurs and that repressive domestic policies are responsible for an upsurge in violence there that has left hundreds dead since 2009.

Reported Shohret Hoshur for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Translated by RFA’s Uyghur Service. Written in English by Joshua Lipes.

Comments (5)
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Michael Smith

from London

How much did you get from your neighbourhood mosque for countering me?

Nov 10, 2017 10:31 AM

Uyghur

from Chantilly

Sorry brother 50 cents,

We all did and are doing this from the bottom of our hearts, for our people, for our homeland. Not like you For your DEARST COMMUNIST PARTY!!!By the way, forgot to mention, for your 50 cents.

UYghur


Nov 16, 2017 06:01 PM

Steve

from new york city

Islam was forced upon uighur and kazakhs, islam was invented in makkah, how can that be indigenous culture of western china, which has no linguistic or food connection with saudi arab. The turks massacred uighurs and forced the culture on them, like the arabs did on the turks once. China is morally right

Nov 10, 2017 01:27 AM

jake

from London

You make me sick ... Chinese are trying to exterminate one nation and you are applauding those actions ? You sick rat , wait until one other nation is doing the same to you and then you will realize it's wrong doing . This is not only about religion but also about culture and identity, and more of humanity.

[This comment has been edited by RFA Editorial staff per our Terms of Use]

Nov 09, 2017 10:33 AM

Harry

from Australia

I am glad China is leading in fighting terrorists. To fight terrorists, a country need find out extremists and neutralise them by re-education or jail. The way moderates become extremists must be studied and stopped: imam must get qualification to work and extreme ideology teaching must not be encouraged. Anyway, china’s Way is working. The terror seem to stop as extremists are in education Center or in jail.

Nov 08, 2017 09:09 PM

Michael Smith

from London

It is good to see the screw being tightened against the Uighur Muslims. Europe has a lot of catching up to do it it wants to avert more Islamic terroristic attacks. Since China is showing the way, Europe should emulate, because of such policies the last major Islamic terroristic attack occured in 2015 on 18th September where 50 Han coalminers were killed in cold blood by Allah loving Uighur Muslim. Just imagined slightly more than 2 years without terrorist attacks. The Chinese government should be given the Nobel peace prize for maintaining peace in Xinjiang.

Nov 08, 2017 01:04 AM

Andrew

from New York

Michael Smith, How much money did you receive from China for posting above comment?

Nov 09, 2017 09:59 AM

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