The True Meaning of 'Socialism With Chinese Characteristics'

A commentary by Bao Tong
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Chinese President Xi Jinping, top center, applauds after hearing the results of a vote on a constitutional amendment during a plenary session of China's National People's Congress (NPC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, March 11, 2018.
Chinese President Xi Jinping, top center, applauds after hearing the results of a vote on a constitutional amendment during a plenary session of China's National People's Congress (NPC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, March 11, 2018.
AP Photo

This notion of socialism with Chinese characteristics (ChiSoc for short) is an important one.

Any Chinese citizen who doesn't comply with the rules of ChiSoc can end up without a household registration in life, and without a burial site in death.

Foreigners who haven't been initiated into its mysteries will keep blindly running into walls if they want to have dealings with Chinese people.

ChiSoc used to be something of a riddle that could only be understood by the creme de la creme of Chinese society. Very few people outside the political establishment knew its true meaning.

But all that has changed with the 2018 constitutional amendments. Now, the true nature of ChiSoc has been made clear for all to see: "The essential distinguishing feature of ChiSoc is the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party."

This is entirely correct. All of the main characteristics of our society can be traced back to the leadership of the party.

For example, why did tens of millions of rural residents die in this country during the three-year famines of 1959-1961? Because party leaders needed to take away all of their grain to enable the steel industry to double its output to 10.7 million tons a year.

Why did the party leaders need to make so much steel? Because we had to surpass the United Kingdom and catch up with America, whatever it took.

Why did we have to overtake Britain and catch up to the United States? Because the Chinese Communist Party was determined, by hook or by crook, to be the world leaders of socialism.

Why did the party do nothing to prevent the huge loss of life from hunger? Because it had decided that tens of millions of people starving to death was a small price to pay for being the top socialist country in the world.

Another example: how did ChiSoc manage, in a sight that was shocking to behold, to create such a yawning chasm between rich and poor in the most effective manner, and in the shortest possible time?

Why did Yang Gailan [a resident of the northwestern province of Gansu], in a state of utter exhaustion, take her own life [and that of her family] to put an end to their hunger? And why are some people (such as those with the surname Jiang) in possession of hundreds of billions of U.S. dollars when they are still in the flower of their youth? Because the party leaders aren't interested in the low-end population. Instead, they are rather keen on [Deng Xiaoping's maxim]: "Let some people get rich first if they have the ability to do so."

And of course, it's those with close ties to the party leadership who tend to have this kind of luck in the first place.

Yet another example: Why has China only managed to rid itself of tigers or flies [large and small-scale corrupt officials] selectively? Because ChiSoc's body politic is festering with corruption from the roots of its hair to the soles of its feet. Nowhere is free of it.

And why is that? Because under ChiSoc, all economic activity, just like social activity, has to be approved by party leaders.

This means that party leaders are rent-seekers to whom all must apply, from the smallest roadside stallholder to the company wanting to list on the stockmarket, from business owners needing a license to those needing loans or investment, from the acquisition of land to the hiring of labor, from suppliers, to production, to sales, to inspections, to lawsuits.

There is a huge bundle of applications to be made and approvals to be obtained at every juncture; the party will have its dues paid, willy nilly, for this is the party leaders' own playground; the place where they engage in extortion, exploitation and mass murder.

From the lowest-ranking village official to the leaders and deputy leaders of our country, this model is ubiquitous, and its stain soaks through everything, though some presumably try to keep their hands clean.

If we were to tear away the last shred of modesty, tell me: would there be a clean patch of earth left anywhere? Somewhere to build a shrine to truth and justice?

It's no surprise that the party leaders pretend not to have noticed the revelations made in the Panama Papers, and by [exiled billionaire] Guo Wengui.

Corruption, of course, isn't limited to economic activity. Some party leaders have extended their feelers into everything, like a mass of bloodsucking insects.

Social actions like being born, moving to live in a city, graduating, finding a job, or getting access to healthcare, can all suddenly meet with unexpected disaster.

Much as in the economic sphere, the right of appeal or redress exists in name only, and the rules of the game are anything but fair and just. Everything depends on applications and approvals, and on rent-seeking wherever we turn.

The promotion of any party, government or military official ... is subject to the rules of horse-trading that goes along with the buying and selling of official positions. It is here that we see the true depth and ubiquity of corruption in China.

So yes, the tragic history of tens of millions of deaths by starvation, the current social divide, and the dark curtain of corruption overshadowing the entire country can all be traced back to the comprehensive and profound nature of the party's leadership.

And I think it is still correct to say that the essential distinguishing feature of ChiSoc is the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party.

Translated and edited by Luisetta Mudie.

Bao Tong, former political aide to the late ousted premier Zhao Ziyang, is under continual surveillance and frequent house arrest at his home in Beijing.

Comments (3)


This is one of the best articles by Bao Tong RFA has ever published. His intellectual acuity and succint kind of eloquence are remarkable. Long may his voice continue to be heard in the world!

And well done to Luisetta Mudie for a great translation!

Apr 17, 2019 06:01 PM

Michael Kilgariff B Theol Dip Ed

from Australia

Why China (and Russia) are locked in the past?

Command economies are not good for business.

I comment on the article by the report re Mr Bao Tong dated 2018-03-26.

A reference relevant to my comment is footnoted.

Briefly international cooperation can have a positive effect, censorship is not conducive to "business" particularly in economics.

Nobel prize winners of that interest, Economics, are worth examination by any totalitarian thug.

Lenin, Stalin, Hitler, Mussolini, Xi, Mao, Putin, Pol Pot are not must reads for Economics 101.

Totalitarians are bad for business.

Like 18th century autocrats they seem to assert infantile self preoccupation.

The insecurity of these folk is actually dangerous.

Freud may have some insight into human insecurity, armed with nuclear weapons.

In the meantime I will contain my emotional empathy re the article concerning the arrest of Hong Kong citizens reported by Lam Kwok-lap for RFA's Cantonese Service, and by Yang Fan for the Mandarin Service. Translated and edited by Luisetta Mudie.

The economic miracle of Germany post war was difficult, democratic and "good for business".

Bashing the person who has an opinion is antediluvian.

Karl Marx who had ideas in the tradition of Charles Dickens, the novelist, would be unwelcome in the hagiography of folk who put the poor and weak as il numero uno.

If knowing international law, to hurt, gas, starve, humiliate, gaol and bomb fellow humans places the perpetrator in the same category of another unethical thug just like other failed leaders mentioned above.

I live in Australia.

Kindly concur with international law, ethics and common sense.

Russia/Putin protect Mr Assad with their citizen's lives?

Apparently Dr Assad was a competent eye surgeon.

Totalitarian dictators tend to write their own end.

The vision of Dr Assad only he can see.

Worth checking this reference:

The economic miracle of Germany post war was difficult, democratic and "good for business". :
Stephen Broadberry, "Explaining Anglo-German Productivity Differences in Services since 1870," European Review of Economic History, Dec 2004, Vol. 8 Issue 3, pp 229-262


Apr 13, 2018 07:03 AM

Anonymous Reader

The communist party are corrupt - they who worship power at all costs and employ mind control by torture. This will not last and then what will they do ? Fear is their everyday life. Not a desirable philosophy, they are blind, and have not considered that God really exists (prayers working can prove this). The older people speak out, because they have learned not to care, the spell is broken for them.

Apr 04, 2018 05:12 PM





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