Banned by Beijing, Badiucao appears in London show

Exiled artists deliver a hard-hitting series of paintings inspired by protest and dissent
By Amelia Loi for RFA Mandarin
2023.07.03
Banned by Beijing, Badiucao appears in London show Badiucao is part of the “Banned by Beijing” exhibition, which runs through July 10 in London.
Credit: Stone

UPDATED AT 9:02 a.m. EDT on July 4, 2023.

In the brick-walled crypt of a church in central London hangs a painting of a many-armed, black-clad figure wearing an elastomeric mask and a yellow construction hat, referencing a figure that was once a familiar sight during the 2019 protest movement in Hong Kong.

Titled "Thousand Hands Man" by artist-painter duo Lumli Lumlong, one of its many pairs of hands -- protesters were referred to in Cantonese at the time as the "hands and feet" of the movement -- is clasped in apparent prayer, with other pairs clutching water bottles and a retractable baton for fending off charging cops.

In the goggles of the figure -- a composite of the front-line protesters who used Molotov cocktails, bricks, bows and arrows and street barricades to engage in pitched street battles with riot police during the 2019 Hong Kong protests -- is reflected the black bauhinia, symbol of the protest movement.

Other works depict a shower-head washing an exposed brain -- a reference to attempts by the ruling Chinese Communist Party to brainwash its citizens -- and a portrait of jailed pro-democracy Joshua Wong behind bars formed of black umbrellas, a reference to the 2014 Umbrella movement in the same city, which also fought unsuccessfully for fully democratic elections.

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Badiucao expresses solidarity with Hong Kong democracy activist Joshua Wong. Credit: Stone

They are all works of art by Hong Kong and Chinese artists in exile, including Badiucao, whose latest exhibit showcases political and protest art that is deemed so incendiary by Beijing that it has made repeated attempts to have his exhibits shut down in other countries.

Transnational repression

Its theme is transnational repression. Overseas dissidents are increasingly finding that even if they leave China and settle in a democratic country, they are still targeted by agents and supporters of the Chinese state in their new home.

Chinese Communist Party agents and supporters have carried out physical attacks and smear attempts on dissidents far beyond its borders, kidnapped them and forced them to return home to face punishment using threats against their loved ones, according to rights groups and personal stories shared with Radio Free Asia.

Badiucao has remained undeterred by Beijing's attempts to censor him overseas, however.

The walls of the exhibit are packed with political punches – a portrait of jailed pro-democracy media mogul Jimmy Lai by Lumli Lumlong has pride of place, while another work shows students while another of their works shows students at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University engulfed in flames, defending their campus from riot police who advanced in armored cars and fired thousands of rounds of tear gas during the attack.

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Lumli Lumlong depicts jailed Hong Kong publisher Jimmy Lai in “Apple Man.” Credit: Stone

One of Badiucao's paintings shows Chinese president Xi Jinping wearing a pair of TikTok logos for glasses, with the warning "Xi is Watching You," highlighting privacy concerns around the Chinese-owned social media platform.

Such images would quickly run afoul of a strict national security law in Hong Kong, where depictions of scenes "glorifying" the protests are banned from public display.

Some have already been shown in Poland, where the organizers kept the exhibit open despite strong displeasure from Chinese officials.

‘Threats to my family and safety’

Many were inspired by the response of Hong Kong protesters, who used his artwork in response to the banning of his planned 2018 exhibit in the city, just a day before it opened.

"The Chinese Communist Party doesn't just come up with ways to get my exhibits canceled -- it also threatens me with threats to my personal safety," Badiucao told Radio Free Asia as the exhibit opened.

"It also threatens the safety of the people I work with, and my family back in China," he said.

The Hong Kong theme of the exhibit is aimed at speaking out on behalf of people who haven't been allowed to speak for themselves since Beijing imposed a draconian security law on the city three years ago, criminalizing public criticism of the government.

Hong Kong artist Kacey Wong, who now lives in Taiwan, said he has faced similar attempts at censorship outside China, adding that the national security law has stifled freedom of expression both in his home city, and even far beyond China's borders.

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Also on display in the “Banned by Beijing” exhibition are works by Vawongsir, a former visual arts teacher in Hong Kong, such as this piece on the “Pillar of Shame.” Credit: Stone

"Don't think you'll be fine once you have left Hong Kong," Wong warned. "Last year I took part in a small exhibition in the United Kingdom, and the Hong Kong party newspapers sent their people to carry out a smear campaign."

"This is long-arm control ... you're not safe in Europe, because they're not very vigilant there about preventing censorship by the Chinese Communist Party," he said. "However, it's safer in Taiwan."

For Badiucao, a Hong Kong democracy movement that carries on in exile is still valid.

"I don't think it means that Hong Kong has fallen," he said. "You can take your home with you anywhere."

"All of those Hong Kongers now in exile have taken the spirit, culture and identity of Hong Kong with them," he said.

"Wherever you have Hong Kongers still drawing breath, there is still hope," he said.

Translated by Luisetta Mudie. Edited by Malcolm Foster.

The story has been updated to correct the attribution of artwork.

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