Chinese Police Order Xinjiang's Muslims to Hand in All Copies of The Quran

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A mosque in Xinjiang's Turpan city is shown in a file photo.
A mosque in Xinjiang's Turpan city is shown in a file photo.

Chinese authorities in the northwestern region of Xinjiang have ordered ethnic minority Muslim families to hand in religious items including prayer mats and copies of the Quran to the authorities, RFA has learned.

Officials across Xinjiang have been warning neighborhoods and mosques that ethnic minority Uyghur, Kazakh and Kyrgyz Muslims must hand in the items or face harsh punishment if they are found later, sources in the region said.

"Officials at village, township and county level are confiscating all Qurans and the special mats used for namaaz [prayer]," a Kazakh source in Altay prefecture, near the border with Kazakhstan told RFA on Wednesday.

"Pretty much every household has a Quran, and prayer mats," he said.

Dilxat Raxit, spokesman for the exile World Uyghur Congress group, said reports have emerged from Kashgar, Hotan and other regions of similar practices starting last week.

"We received a notification saying that every single ethnic Uyghur must hand in any Islam-related items from their own home, including Qurans, prayers and anything else bearing the symbols of religion," Raxit said.

"They have to be handed in voluntarily. If they aren't handed in, and they are found, then there will be harsh punishments," he said.

Raxit said announcements are being made by the police via popular social media platform WeChat.

"All Qurans and related items must be handed into the authorities, and there are notices to this effect being broadcast via WeChat," Raxit said.

"The announcements say that people must hand in any prayer mats of their own accord to the authorities, as well as any religious reading matter, including anything with the Islamic moon and star symbol on it," he said.

"They are requiring people to hand in these items of their own accord," he said.

‘Three Illegals’

Earlier this year, Xinjiang authorities began confiscating all Qurans published more than five years ago due to “extremist content,” according to local officials, amid an ongoing campaign against “illegal” religious items owned by mostly Muslim ethnic Uyghur residents.

The Qurans were appropriated as part of the “Three Illegals and One Item” campaign underway in Xinjiang that bans “illegal” publicity materials, religious activities, and religious teaching, as well as items deemed by authorities to be tools of terrorism—including knives, flammable objects, remote-controlled toys, and objects sporting symbols related to Islam, they said.

The Kazakh source said that earlier directives calling for the confiscation of Qurans and other religious items hadn't been effective, and so the authorities are now stepping up the pressure and placing the onus on individual households to hand them in under a compulsory program.

He said confiscation drives targeting Uyghurs are now also being extended to the country's ethnic Kazakh population.

At the same time, any products from neighboring Kazakhstan or bearing the Kazakh language or symbols have also been outlawed, sources said.

A leaked police notice from Changji prefecture called on local officials to search for any items bearing any writing or symbols linked to Kazakhstan.

"Any items bearing writing or any other traces of Kazakhstan, including street signs or graffiti, store decorations, arts and crafts items, T-shirts and so on, must immediately be investigated ... and a detailed report made to higher authorities by Sept. 25," the notice, dated Sept. 22, it said.

Products from Kazakhstan

A second Kazakh source said authorities are also searching for and confiscating any products brought from Kazakhstan.

"There are restrictions on the sale of any products and foodstuffs from Kazakhstan, including noodles, organic products and mare's milk spirit," the source said. "They won't let you sell things brought over from Kazakhstan."

An official who answered the phone at the Altay police department on Wednesday hung up when asked to comment on the reports.

Chinese authorities have lately issued orders for ethnic Kazakh Chinese nationals to hand in their passports and Kazakh green cards in some parts of Xinjiang, and have reportedly detained dozens of Kazakhs returning from overseas study or family visits to Kazakhstan, sending them for indefinite terms in "re-education" facilities, sources have told RFA.

Official figures show that there are around 1.5 million Kazakhs in China, mostly concentrated in and around the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture close to the Kazakhstan border.

China has previously welcomed Kazakhs who wished to relocate from Kazakhstan, with their numbers peaking at nearly 38,000 in 2006. But now many Kazakhs with Chinese nationality are heading back in the other direction.

Reported by Qiao Long for RFA's Mandarin Service and by Wong Lok-to for the Cantonese Service. Translated and edited by Luisetta Mudie.

Comments (18)


from Rotterdam

Stupid. Ever read the bible?

Jun 09, 2018 09:57 PM

Darka Chu

Some of the comments made here are ridiculous, especially those comments correlating Islam with terrorism. And they are discriminatory, biased and bigoted. According to Christianity and Islam all people have the right to practise their own religion.

Oct 10, 2017 07:30 AM

Anonymous Reader

Islam does not teach terrorism, in fact if it did and considering the age of the religion, with the number of worshipers, a simple math equation will show you that in this day and age the whole planet would be Muslim. These are facts and history of violence and intolerance continues due to ignorance and arrogance.

Islam by meaning goes back to Adam (Peace Be Upon Him), the first human being.

Nov 06, 2017 10:36 AM

Anonymous Reader

Have you read the Koran my friend? It is the only religion that has a violent founder, compare him with Jesus, Buddha and any of the Hindu founders and you can understand the violent character of Islam. It has become a major religion only through forcing and threatening people to submit or die.

Jan 28, 2018 09:57 PM


from kathmandu

i support china Quran should banned it teaches terrorism and separatism Quranis the constitution of terrorism

Oct 06, 2017 01:51 PM

Darka Chu

Annu: That is a ridiculous thing to say!

Oct 10, 2017 07:41 AM


from Center

Then justify this "defense" against Christian violence that lasts for more than 10 years throughout Africa and the Middle East:

Oct 03, 2017 10:48 AM


from Australia

So it turns out that China has some commonsense then.

I've got a copy of the Quran, its a 'charming' little read. While I do not prescribe to the authority of the state issuing instruction to remove privately owned books of religious teachings from people's homes - I also do not consider Islam to be a religion in the same way that I would consider Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism etc etc as a religion.

That's the price you pay for living in China, I guess. Its about time someone stood up to Islam and the people who worship it, so good for them, at the end of the day for doing this.

Oct 02, 2017 06:11 AM

Darka Chu

Sarah: I am from Australia too and I think what you've said is ridiculous!

Oct 10, 2017 07:42 AM


from LA

Well said! unfortunately we live in a fake dark world and there will never be peace or any sort of middle ground when it comes to any difference in opinion. To your point I believe the Koran has radical teachings which cause destruction in the world.

Oct 11, 2018 06:10 PM

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