Vietnam Jails Three Democracy Advocates Over Online Postings

They had sent video clips criticizing Vietnam's Communist Party and government to Facebook and YouTube.

Jailed Vietnamese activists Nguyen Van Dien, Vu Quang Thuan, and Tran Hoang Phuc are shown, left to right.

A court in Vietnam’s capital Hanoi sentenced three democracy activists to long jail terms on Wednesday after convicting them of criticizing the country’s one-party communist government online, sources said.

Vu Quang Thuan, 51, Nguyen Van Dien, 35, and Tran Hoang Phuc, 23, were found guilty of “spreading propaganda against the state” under Article 88 of the country’s penal code and handed sentences of eight years, six and a half years, and four years in prison, respectively.

Additional terms of from four to five years of house arrest were also imposed, to be served following their release.

The defendants had been arrested and tried for posting 17 video clips on Facebook and YouTube criticizing Vietnam’s ruling Communist Party and government, defense attorney Ha Huy Son told RFA’s Vietnamese Service after the half-day trial concluded at 2:00 p.m.

The three defendants and their seven-member defense team asked the judge to allow the videos to be shown in court, Son said.

“But our request was rejected on the excuse that the courtroom lacked the facilities [to show the videos],” Son said, adding that Thuan then offered to pay for the cost of screens and computers so that the clips could be shown.

The evidence given at trial was never evaluated by the court, and the judge finally ruled based only on the conclusions of Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communication that the videos contained proof of anti-state activity, Son said.

“I said at the trial that the evidence being presented did not give legal grounds under Vietnamese law for the defendants to be prosecuted, but in the end they were still convicted,” he said.

“I think that the sentences given to them are completely wrong and unfair,” he said.

Relatives, friends barred from trial

Relatives of the accused were not allowed to attend the trial, and activists said that security forces including plainclothes and uniformed police had guarded their homes for days before the trial to prevent them from traveling to show support.

“I was just sitting on the street because I was not allowed to enter the courtroom,” Dien’s father Nguyen Van told RFA after the trial.

“The sentence of six years and six months is too harsh for what Dien did,” he said.

Calls seeking comment from the Hanoi People’s Court rang unanswered on Wednesday.

Authorities have been targeting activist writers and bloggers in a months-long crackdown in one-party Communist Vietnam, where dissident is not tolerated.

Vietnam currently holds at least 84 prisoners of conscience, the highest number in any country in Southeast Asia, according to rights group Amnesty International.

Reported by RFA’s Vietnamese Service. Translated by Emily Peyman. Written in English by Richard Finney.